quarta-feira, 13 de abril de 2011

Legal English: SB1070 Review Exercise (original complaint)

In US v. Arizona the United States seeks to _____ invalid and preliminarily and permanently _____ the enforcement of S.B. 1070, as amended and _____ by the State of Arizona, because S.B. 1070 is _____ by federal law and therefore violates the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution.

enacted    enjoin    preempted    declare

The plaintiff argues that the federal government has _____ authority to regulate immigration _____ under the US Constitution and that a state may not establish its own immigration _____ or _____ state laws in a manner that interferes with the federal immigration laws. The Constitution and the federal immigration laws do not permit the development of a _____ of state and local immigration policies throughout the country.

matters     policy    preeminent    patchwork    enforce

S.B. 1070’s provisions, working in concert and separately, seek to _____ and punish _____ entry and presence by requiring, whenever practicable, the determination of immigration _____ during any lawful stop by the police where there is “reasonable suspicion” that an individual is _____ present, and by establishing new state criminal _____ against _____ present aliens.

unlawful    deter    sanctions    unlawfully(2)    status

The US maintains that the Arizona legislation pursues only one goal – “_____” – and ignores the many other objectives that Congress has established for the federal immigration system. And even in pursuing _____, S.B. 1070 _____ federal _____ priorities and resources that focus on aliens who _____ a threat to national security or public safety. If allowed to _____,

pose    disrupts    enforcement    go into effect    attrition(2)

the US charges, 1070’s mandatory enforcement _____ will _____ with and _____ the federal government’s careful balance of immigration _____ priorities and objectives. For example, it will impose significant and counterproductive _______ on the federal agencies charged with enforcing the national immigration _____, diverting resources and attention from the dangerous aliens who the federal government targets as its top _____ priority.

conflict    undermine    enforcement(2)    scheme(2)    burdens

It will cause the _____ and _____ of authorized visitors, immigrants, and citizens who do not have or _____ identification documents specified by the statute, or who otherwise will be swept into the _____ of S.B. 1070’s “_____ through _____” approach.

harassment    detention    carry    ambit    attrition    enforcement

The US states that Congress, which _____ exclusive authority for establishing alien _____ categories and setting the conditions of aliens’ entry and continued presence, has _____ decided that _____ presence – standing alone – should not subject an alien to criminal _____ and incarceration although unlawful presence may subject the alien to the civil _____ of removal.

status    affirmatively    holds    penalties    unlawful    remedy

The United States seeks the following _____: (1) a _____ judgment stating that Sections 1-6 of S.B. 1070 are invalid, null, and _____ ; (2) a _____ and a permanent injunction against the State of Arizona, and its officers, agents, and employees, prohibiting the _____ of Sections 1-6 of S.B. 1070.

declaratory    relief     preliminary     enforcement    void

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